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What is Compost?

C ompost is a rich, friable and soil-like material made from farm wastes, crop residues, grass clippings, green manure crops, fallen leaves, vegetables, kitchen refuse, animal manures and other decomposable materials. Composting is the process of breaking down these organic materials by means of soil organisms to produce biologically stable products that can act as slow-release sources of plant- available nutrients, thereby improving the nutrient status and the biochemical and physical properties of the soil. Thus, compost improves soil quality by acting as soil conditioner and provides lasting benefits because it is environment-friendly. Composting materials are readily available right in the farm. Thus, farmers can easily prepare the compost, providing a cheaper, healthier alternative to expensive commercial fertilizers.